Most ratings and TOP IT professions are biased (more precisely, they lie). Because either the compilers are poorly oriented in the IT labor market, or they work incorrectly with sociology. Let’s try to correct other people’s mistakes and not make our own. In this article we will understand: who is who in the world of IT professions, which direction to choose to get the most out of the minimum time and money.
How to choose a profession
The main issue of choosing a profession is not how much they pay and not even the cost of training (now you can choose courses for any money and even for free). The main thing is whether it will be useful, and whether you will be able to do your job for a long time and feel happy? If there is a tendency, for example, to design or mechanics, does it make sense to go to a software developer? Before you retrain, watch the free lessons on YouTube and, if the chosen specialty is disgusting, think about it, and maybe there is a better alternative.
We hope this article helps you with your choice.
Features and problems of IT employment
One of the important problems of IT is staff turnover. Once the young specialist has settled down and worked successfully for several months, he wants to move to the middle level and claims a salary of $ 1,000 and additional benefits. It is at this point that most IT professionals begin to actively look around and look at other work. The reasons can be any: tired of going to the other end of town, want more money, want a pool, not a gym… Lots of options, the important thing is that for employers it is quite an unpleasant moment. For six months or a year, they helped a novice employee, taught and corrected mistakes, and as soon as the real benefits began to come, he was going to resign. The demand for qualified specialists is such that developers change jobs on average every 2 years.
This situation creates difficulties for employers, but opens up great opportunities for applicants. Let’s move directly to the professions and the prospects they promise.
Who are IT specialists?
I must say that in modern IT companies, programmers make phones only if they themselves really want it. Fun for programmers comes from scratch. Now the time of a high-class specialist is more expensive than repairing the device in the service center, but this is a digression, let’s return to the topic.
IT professions include those who work on computers and produce information products:
- programmers, ie software developers (Software Engineer, developer);
- system administrators, system engineers, database administrators, cloud services and remote systems;
- DevOps (development and operations) – professionals at the intersection of programming, system administration and testing;
- designers and web designers (Web Designer); testers and QA Engineer;
- Game developers, game designers (Game Designer), interface designers (UXUI-designer);
- Data analysts (Data Analyst), traffic, systems;
- Seo specialists, Internet marketers (Digital Marketing), advertising customization specialists (PPC), traffic arbiters (Media-Buyer),
- Targetologists and SMM; project manager.
And this is a general classification, because as many programs as there are developers, and each specialty is called in its own way, for example, java developer or python developer. Demand and salary will also differ. Some programmers are being taken away right now, their jacuzzis are already full and champagne is being poured. But others will have to look like interviews to find a good vacancy.
In addition, there are three main qualification levels:
The salaries of juniors and seniors are very different, for example, at the initial stage the junior can work for $ 500 a month, and the senior rarely agrees to a rate of less than $ 1,500 to $ 2,000. In addition, employers offer a social package and honey. insurance, free gym, advanced training and foreign language courses, psychological courses and various loyalty programs. And it is desirable that there is an opportunity for career and professional growth.
Of course, the middle level of the neighborhood is not equal to the middle of Google, but one way or another it is a progressive path of development. Some companies conduct internal certifications, in the same Google, a few years ago there were 10 levels. Recruiters and employers appreciate having a specialist with “crusts” because it means he can set goals and achieve results.
Team Lead – or head of IT. This person is responsible for the effectiveness of the team of specialists, trains newcomers, helps with work, is responsible for the division of responsibilities and monitors the implementation of individual tasks. In essence, it is a senior with managerial functions. A good Tim Lead is an important factor in a company’s success.
Full-stack is a broad-based specialist who can independently lead a project in a certain direction, such as PHP. There is an opinion that ingenious full-stack pros do not happen, because it is very difficult to master a huge amount of information, but there are talents and are very much needed in the market.
And there is a parallel branch of development; we can say that it is not qualifying, but official. Project manager – he manages the project, he plans, designs, sets priorities and monitors implementation. An important point is to ensure communication so that specialists from different departments can communicate effectively with each other. In general, the project manager is responsible for the success of a particular event. I must say that this is a socially oriented position, so it is more often held by those who know how to communicate not only with program code, but also with people.
The ranking of occupations at the request of employers is as follows:
- Web designers who develop the structure and interfaces of sites.
- Developers in general and especially with five years of experience.
- QA engineers and testers of IT products.
- Project manager – a project manager who communicates between the customer and the contractors.
- Business analyst – evaluates the effectiveness of processes and seeks to optimize the company’s work.
- Digitall marketers (plus SEO, SMM, PPC).
- Administrators of remote and cloud services.
- Database administrators.
- DevOps engineers – optimizers.
- Information security specialists.
In addition to the profession itself, it is important to remember that the qualifications of a specialist play a huge role. For example, an internet marketer can earn more than a senior developer if he has the right qualifications and project. We can say that there are no unpromising directions in this area, IT is definitely the most progressive industry and will undoubtedly develop.