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The importance of special education to adapt to the needs of students

The importance of special education to adapt to the needs of students

The neuropediatrician explains the role of special education in the proper development of students with neurodevelopmental disorders. Did you know that more than 30% of students have a learning problem related to developmental disorders? We live in a society in which dyslexia has a frequency of 8-9%, followed by ADHD, which occurs in approximately 7% of cases and this places great importance on special education. The importance of special education to adapt to the needs of students.

The repercussions of neurodevelopmental disorders affect four fundamental areas of the infantile developmental process. In addition, they are the areas that most concern families: learning, behavior, social relationships and emotional area.

In a context like this, it is important to know the work of special education, essential to avoid the dire consequences that can appear if the specific needs of each student are not acted upon correctly. And it is that this type of education can provide the necessary help so that many children manage to overcome these problems or, at least, reach the maximum level of integration with respect to their peers.

Different types of developmental disorders, same consequences

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders from the American Academy of Psychiatry, there are currently eight different neurodevelopmental disorders:

  • ADHD or attention deficit and / or hyperactivity disorders
  • ASD or Autism Spectrum Disorders such as autism or Asperger’s Syndrome
  • OCD or Obsessive Convulsive Disorder
  • TCA or Eating Disorders
  • Movement Disorders such as Tics, stereotypes or Gilles de la Tourette Syndromes
  • Communication disorders such as Specific Language Disorder (SLI), dysphemia or stuttering
  • Learning disorders such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, or dyscalculia
  • Intellectual disability

They all have common consequences: they have a negative impact on academic performance, social relationships and the development of emotions.

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Special education, a fundamental pillar

There is a very important relationship between special education and learning disorders, since it is this that will allow students to develop correctly. It must focus on the needs of the individual to reach their greatest evolutionary potential within an inclusive society, although this inclusive movement still has a long way to go. What is vital is that the goals of special education are well aligned with the life goals of the students themselves.

The eight neurodevelopmental disorders are just one example of all the problems we may encounter when dealing with students with special needs. There is no standard pattern when talking about adaptation or educational interventions, but the activities to be carried out in each area can be encompassed.

I propose four main areas: learning, behavior, social relationships and emotional education. The objective of any teacher should be to create an intervention procedure that includes all these aspects and that is developed in a comprehensive and interrelated manner. If you do, you will have all the necessary ingredients to fight for your goals.

Also, families

Directly related to special education is the relationship between families and educators. Regardless of the professional sector of the teacher, the responsibility in the care of a child with special needs forces us to think about the way in which both him and his family can be helped. Only from a shared perspective and joint work, we can aspire to achieve the maximum development in all vital facets.

It is important to remember, in summary, that special education and learning disorders have a very important relationship and that this must focus on the needs of each individual within an inclusive society that still has a long way to go.