The art of pedagogical rhetoric: secrets and techniques

conduct unforgettable lessons? The art of rhetoric! How to become a real master? Let's talk about it! The art of pedagogical rhetoric.

The art of pedagogical rhetoric: secrets and techniques
The art of pedagogical rhetoric: secrets and techniques

Let's talk about the development of public speaking skills and their place in the professional life of a teacher. Quality knowledge and sincere enthusiasm of students for the subject is the best reward for a teacher. And what will help to capture the attention of students and conduct unforgettable lessons? The art of rhetoric! How to become a real master? Let's talk about it! The art of pedagogical rhetoric.

A true master of rhetoric has special abilities, thanks to which he stands out among others. Nothing unreal:

  1. In order to interest students, it is no longer enough for a teacher to know the basic teaching material perfectly. He should be aware of innovative scientific and technical achievements, novelties of literature and art, etc. And also to monitor changes in society, communicate with different people and be an active member of society.
  2. There are energetic people by nature who are even able to "recharge" others. And what to do to others? Rest, a favorite hobby, breathing exercises, etc. will help to cheer up and get a charge of positive energy.
  3. Of particular importance are intonation and diction, which make speech bright and lively. Learn to control your own voice (speak loudly and quietly), monitor the work of the articulatory apparatus and speak patter regularly.
  4. The rich lexicon makes the language diverse and unique. This is the imagery and expressiveness of the story, the skillful use of proverbs, quotes, proverbs and sayings. Don't limit yourself and don't be afraid to be emotional.
  5. It is simplicity and responsibility, friendly attitude and respect for students. The teacher should not be late for class and ignore students' questions.
  6. Pedagogical rhetoric is the ability to speak beautifully and look dignified in front of any audience, especially in front of their students. In addition, the teacher cannot afford to "traumatize" the hearing of students with parasitic words, so they should be got rid of.

Practical exercises for the development of public speaking skills

Masters of rhetoric are not born. They become them thanks to hard work and regular training. We have put together simple exercises to help you master the art of rhetoric easily and quickly.

Read aloud

Choose a text to read (a book, article, etc.) and imagine that you are speaking to an audience. Which one? Any! Today they can be parents of students, tomorrow - respected professors of world-famous universities, and the day after tomorrow - people who have nothing to do with education. When reading, try to run a little forward, memorize short passages from what is written, and then reproduce them.

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Reproduction of the content read

Read and retell a passage. It is better to start with short passages, just three or five sentences are enough. The main goal is to remember the details, so first try to retell literally. And then formulate thoughts and tell what you read in your own words.

Development of language thinking

"Language thinking" is the construction of a text or phrase based on keywords that define the topic and carry the main semantic load. Of course, to learn how to find them quickly (or create new formulations), you need to practice. But everything is simple! Read the text aloud and identify the main idea. Start the sentence with keywords and continue it in your own words. This exercise will allow you to learn to specifically formulate the definition of the subject and clearly identify the meaning of the text.


You can also learn the art of telling stories. To begin, try to tell a short story vividly and figuratively. For example, tell us about your day. The beginning of the story should be exciting, you can even add a little intrigue, but the end of the story should be made just enchanting. Of course, if you prepare the story in advance, everything will go great. And how to master the art of spontaneous storytelling? Again - training and training again! For example, try talking about only one subject (such as a bag, cat, textbook, board, etc.) for 10 minutes. What can be said about him?

Paraphrasing a business message

The exercise is very simple - you have to retell a popular science article in your own words. That is to paraphrase it. Yes, you can reduce the content of the article to one sentence, or you can expand it by adding your own considerations. At the same time, your speech should be coherent, smooth, without forced delays or pauses. Coped with the translation of the article? You can now describe the picture using as many images and details as possible.

Analysis of speeches of other teachers

Observation and analysis of speech of colleagues-teachers is an effective practical task. During the analysis you should pay attention to:

  • Content: content analysis, compliance with the plan, logical presentation, imagery, stylistic devices;
  • Characteristics of speech: strength of voice, timbre, accents, fluency, articulation and gestures.

Also observe how the teacher begins his speech and how he draws conclusions, whether he uses comparisons (and which ones), or uses such techniques as repetition, exaggeration, opposition, play on words.


Discussion is the simplest and most effective way to hone your rhetoric skills. Short-term controversy with colleagues or friends teaches to speak, listen to opponents and defend their own point of view. The main thing is to choose an interesting and exciting topic.

In fact, everything is real. And even if you are already an experienced speaker, you should not rely only on previously acquired skills and abilities. It is worth training regularly and setting a positive example for students!