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Nutrition in biliary diseases

Nutrition in biliary diseases
Nutrition in biliary diseases

Bile juice is a yellow-brown or greenish fluid that is produced continuously by the liver and is released into the duodenum only during digestion to help break down fat. No metabolic process in the human body (including digestion) can pass without the participation of the liver, and it is impossible to imagine this organ without biliary or vice versa. That is why in diseases of the gallbladder the diet of a particular person is of great importance.

How food affects the gallbladder

The gallbladder is a sensitive organ and maintaining a healthy diet rich in beneficial nutrients helps maintain it in good health. Some foods can protect and promote organ health, while others increase the likelihood of problems such as inflammation or gallstones. If the gallbladder is not maintained in good health, it may need to be removed, so a healthy diet is essential.

Foods suitable for a healthy gallbladder

To maintain a healthy gallbladder, include the following foods in your diet:

  • Tomatoes, dark leafy vegetables;
  • Citrus fruits;
  • Milk and low-fat dairy products;
  • Sardines, fish and seafood;
  • Beans, lentils;
  • Nuts;
  • Tofu;
  • Lean meat;
  • Old bread;
  • Oven baked dishes;
  • Cottage cheese;
  • Steamed omelet;
  • Steamed river fish.

A healthy diet and a well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables is the best way to improve the condition of the gallbladder and protect it. Fruits and vegetables are rich in nutrients and fiber, the latter being essential for the health of the body.

Some of the above foods are either high in vitamin C and calcium or B vitamins, which are also important for bile health.

It is believed that consuming more plant proteins can also help prevent gallbladder disease. Foods such as beans, nuts, lentils and tofu are excellent alternatives to red meat.

Foods that harm the gallbladder

Avoid the following foods to protect your gallbladder:

  • Vegetable oil;
  • Peanut butter;
  • Refined white foods (bread, pasta, etc.);
  • High fat foods;
  • Processed foods;
  • Alcohol

The most harmful are processed products, fried in vegetable oil and fatty foods, as they contain

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Tran fats, which makes them more difficult to break down by the body and potential causes of gallbladder problems.

Eating after removal of the gallbladder by surgery

The strictest diet is applied after bile duct surgery. Then all vegetable and animal fats are excluded from the menu. Doctors recommend a vegetarian diet, but without fruits and vegetables rich in saturated essential oils. Meat (beef or chicken) is allowed in limited quantities, but it must be well cooked, fat-free and without added broth. You can eat boiled and lean fish. It is recommended to take about 2-3 liters of fluid a day.

With surgical removal of the gallbladder, you are more likely to have difficulty passing stools (diarrhea, lose or liquid stools) a few weeks after surgery. This is due to the prolonged secretion of bile in the intestine.

To prevent side effects, avoid the following foods after surgery to remove bile:

  • Foods containing more than 3 grams of fat;
  • Fatty, fried or processed foods;
  • Cream sauces;
  • Whole milk products.

Instead, eat low-fat, high-fiber foods. Gradually increase your fiber intake, starting with the addition of soluble fiber (contained in oats).

Causes of gallbladder problems

There are two main types of gallbladder problems. These are cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) and cholestasis (gallstones).

Nutrition in chronic and acute cholecystitis

When chronic cholecystitis is diagnosed, the patient is prescribed a less sparing diet. He should eat often, but less. Carbohydrate-rich foods should be completely excluded from the menu because they help with bile stasis.

Proteins as they are needed for bile secretion. Eggs can be eaten, but the yolks should be excluded. Fats should be present in the menu, but you should completely lose those that are difficult to digest. Small amounts of butter or oil are allowed, and lard and beef tallow are completely forbidden.

In acute cholecystitis, the consumption of liquid foods (light cream soups, fruit juices with water, unsweetened tea) is recommended. The porridge must be well cooked and crushed.

Nutrition for gallstones

Eating in biliary diseases requires a sharp restriction of products that lead to the formation of stones (concentrated meat broths, smoked foods, pastries, canned products, spicy spices, carbonated beverages, butter, etc. Cooked and light meals are recommended. more often with smaller portions, being careful not to overeat.

Some people with gallstones do not experience any symptoms, while others may report the following:

  • Pain in the upper right abdomen, especially after eating and eating fatty foods;
  • Loss of appetite;
  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Jaundice (if the gallbladder ducts are blocked);
  • Fever;
  • Tea-colored urine;
  • Light stools.

Gallstones can cause pain. If they are large enough, they can also block the duct that leads to the gallbladder. Over time, this can become life-threatening. In such cases, it is necessary to surgically remove the gallbladder.

Tips for the prevention of gallstones

In women, the possibility of developing gallstones is greater than in men. A study found that women who ate more and more variety of fruits and vegetables were less likely to develop bile problems than those who ate smaller amounts. A well-balanced diet can help maintain a healthy gallbladder and reduce the risk of developing gallstones.

The following foods can worsen the condition of the gallbladder:

  • Eggs;
  • Refined sugar;
  • Foods high in saturated fat;
  • Food allergens.

Obesity increases the risk of developing gallstones. Another important factor is the diet for weight loss. Following a very low-calorie diet can increase the risk of developing stones in the body. Therefore, consult a nutritionist or your doctor to prepare an individual diet for weight loss. Which includes the right foods for your condition.

Conclusion

Gallbladder problems can be painful and in some cases dangerous. Eating the right foods and avoiding harmful ones can help improve and protect gallbladder health. A balanced diet contributes to overall health, keeping the body healthy in the long run.