How to make flowers last longer?

Making flowers last longer involves proper care and handling from the moment they are cut or purchased until they are displayed.

How to make flowers last longer?

Making flowers last longer involves proper care and handling from the moment they are cut or purchased until they are displayed. Here are some detailed steps and tips to help you prolong the life of your flowers:

1. Cutting and Purchasing

Choose Fresh Flowers

  • Check for Freshness: When buying flowers, choose ones with firm petals and green, healthy leaves. Avoid flowers with wilted petals, browning edges, or yellowing leaves.
  • Buy Local: If possible, buy flowers from local florists or farmers' markets as they are usually fresher than those that have been shipped long distances.

Cut Flowers Properly

  • Time of Day: If cutting flowers from your garden, do so early in the morning or late in the evening when temperatures are cooler and plants are well-hydrated.
  • Sharp Tools: Use sharp scissors or pruning shears to avoid crushing the stems.
  • Angle of Cut: Cut stems at a 45-degree angle to increase the surface area for water absorption.

2. Preparing Flowers

Remove Lower Leaves

  • Strip the Stems: Remove any leaves that will be submerged in water to prevent bacterial growth and decay.

Trim Stems Regularly

  • Regular Trimming: Every two to three days, trim the stems about an inch, making the cut at a 45-degree angle under running water to prevent air bubbles from blocking the stems.

Use Clean Containers

  • Clean Vases: Wash vases with soap and water to remove any bacteria or residue. Rinse thoroughly before use.

3. Water and Nourishment

Use Fresh Water

  • Change Water Regularly: Change the water every two to three days, or sooner if it becomes cloudy. This helps prevent bacterial growth.

Add Flower Food

  • Commercial Flower Food: Use the flower food packets that often come with bouquets, which contain essential nutrients and antibacterial agents.
  • DIY Flower Food: You can make your own by mixing one quart of water with one tablespoon of sugar, one tablespoon of white vinegar or lemon juice, and one teaspoon of bleach.

4. Environmental Factors

Keep Flowers Cool

  • Avoid Heat: Place flowers away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and appliances that emit heat, such as televisions or computers.
  • Cool Room: Ideally, keep the room temperature between 65-72°F (18-22°C).

Avoid Drafts and Ripening Fruits

  • No Drafts: Keep flowers away from drafty areas or vents.
  • Ethylene Gas: Keep flowers away from ripening fruits and vegetables, as they emit ethylene gas, which can speed up the aging process of flowers.

5. Special Care for Specific Flowers


  • Rehydrate Roses: If roses appear wilted, immerse the entire stem and flower in lukewarm water for 30 minutes.
  • Thorn Removal: Be gentle when removing thorns to avoid damaging the stem.


  • Straight Stems: Tulips tend to bend towards light. Rotate the vase daily to keep stems straight.
  • Cool Water: Use cold water and change it daily for tulips.


  • Pollen Removal: Remove the pollen-covered stamens to prevent staining and extend bloom life.

6. Additional Tips

Aspirin and Soda

  • Aspirin: Crush an aspirin tablet and add it to the water to help keep the flowers fresh.
  • Soda: Adding a small amount of clear soda (like Sprite) to the water can provide sugar and nutrients to the flowers.


  • Vodka: Adding a few drops of vodka to the water can help inhibit bacterial growth.


  • Cool Storage: If possible, place the flowers in the refrigerator overnight to extend their lifespan.

Mist Flowers

  • Humidity: Lightly mist the flowers with water to maintain humidity, especially in dry environments.


By following these steps and tips, you can significantly extend the life of your flowers, keeping them vibrant and beautiful for as long as possible. Proper cutting, regular maintenance, appropriate environmental conditions, and a little extra care for specific flower types will ensure your blooms last longer and remain a delightful addition to your home.